What does the teacher expect from yesterday’s kindergartners and science experiments for high school?
… Ability to memorize and convey information
It is assumed that the future first-grader firmly knows his first name, patronymic and last name, home address, telephone number; names, patronymics and professions of parents. It is good if the child, without getting lost, answers in which country and in which city he lives, knows the names of 3-5 more cities and countries.
At the age of 6–7 years, a child, as a rule, knows how to navigate in time, knows the number of months in a year, days in a week and names them. A future first-grader is expected to be able to analyze, generalize, compare and classify objects and phenomena known to him, be able to distinguish domestic animals from wild ones, and vegetables from fruits, knowledge of primary colors is expected from a child; it’s good if a 6–7-year-old child knows how to compose a story from a picture, retell the content of small fragments, and be able to recite several poems by heart.
How to prepare subtraction facts. A child learns most of this information even before the age of 6-7 years. Especially if parents willingly talk to him, talk about professions, help him remember his home address and phone number, read books to him. Learning and remembering wild and domestic animals, fruits, vegetables will help developing tasks and games. The child will gain knowledge about cities and countries by traveling with their parents, getting acquainted with the globe in the game or watching educational children’s TV shows. Even a simple walk with mom in the park can be an excellent preschool preparation that develops speech, memory and thinking.
… The ability to think
Successful study in elementary school is impossible without the ability to think. At the age of 6–7 years, a child is already expected to be able to cope with simple logical tasks: find an extra element in a group of 4–5 objects, combine objects according to a common feature (“round”, “edible”, “blue”), understand the sequence of events (leaves blossomed on the tree – then the tree blossomed – then the fruits appeared and ripened).
How to prepare fun questions to ask kids. Best of all, information is remembered in the game. For example, prepare pictures with the seasons – have the child arrange them in the order in which the seasons succeed each other. Such a developmental task will teach you how to build logical chains. The game “find the extra element” can be played using not pictures, but toys (find something that cannot ride), animal figurines (find a wild animal among domestic animals). Paired pictures are very good for preschool preparation of a child, in which you need to find 5-10 differences.
… Counting skills
It is important for a future first grader to be able to:
Distinguish between the concepts of “less”, “more”, “equal”.
Count from 1 to 10 and vice versa.
Solve simple examples, for example, decreasing or increasing a single-digit number by 1 or 2.
Know the basic shapes – a square, a circle, an oval, a triangle – and make application pictures from them.
Understand how objects are related in width, height and length (this green pencil is shorter than the blue one, and that red stripe is wider than the yellow one).
Be able to divide an object into several parts.
How to prepare. Parents can, in the form of an educational game, teach the baby to find the missing number (what number is missing in a row of 3, 4 and 6?) Or divide objects of a simple form into several parts, folding in half (into 2 parts) and again in half (into 4 parts) paper circles. In everyday activities, it is important to teach a child aged 6-7 years to compare objects by weight (which is heavier – an apple or a plum?), By shape; practice in naming the previous and subsequent numbers (name the neighbors of the number 5).
For a successful start of the school “marathon”, it is important for a child to learn:
Draw different types of lines – straight, wavy, broken.
Outline drawings of complex shape.
Connect the dots with a line to form a drawing.
Draw half of a symmetrical object.
Gently shade or paint over the drawings without going beyond the contours.
How to prepare. Finger gymnastics, drawings by dots, modeling, working with mosaics will successfully prepare the hand of a future first grader for writing – everything that develops fine motor skills. Starting with the repetition of sticks, circles and hooks, a child of 6-7 years old already at school will gradually move on to writing letters – and more is not required of him at the initial stage of learning.